Technological advances as well as globalization have created a very complex environment for businesses and companies. This coupled with the myriad of laws imposed by the government makes innovation and change management in companies extremely difficult due to a lack of understanding of the organization as a whole. Business Architecture is a map or plan that incorporates methods and techniques in order to have a holistic view of companies through the use of models, frameworks, principles and guidelines.
This map gives managers visibility for proper administration and governance, which allows them to deal with the complexity of the business and the technology that supports it. In addition, the Enterprise Architecture provides the basis to improve the impact of changes and reduce costs in the organization since it can generate views of the current and desired processes, along with a clearly defined roadmap to successfully carry out the transformations.
Today, Enterprise Architecture has become a key decision-making tool for managers and executives, widely used in Europe and the United States and with great potential to be used in Latin American companies. The benefits obtained by companies that implement Enterprise Architecture are: identification of duplicate processes and standardization (economies of scale), efficiency when making changes to processes, cost savings, among others. The Enterprise Architecture allows to have a common understanding of the different departments and of the key resources, going beyond a process management since a series of additional elements are involved for the business analysis such as: stakeholders, goals, strategies, principles, applications. of software and technological infrastructure. In this sense, Business Architecture allows us to respond to the most important challenges faced by a large number of organizations, such as: mergers, acquisitions, opening of new headquarters or branches, introduction of new technologies, pressure for innovation, personalized solutions and outsourcing.
Therefore, we can understand Enterprise Architecture as a management activity that determines how an organization can achieve its current and future objectives. But even more important, it is the engine to translate the vision and strategies of the business into effective organizational change through the creation of artifacts (processes, models, reports).
To implement Enterprise Architecture in an efficient and consistent manner, the organization must use an AE framework, methodology and software. An architecture framework according to the Open Group is the base structure, or set of structures that can be used for the development of different architectures, it must describe a method for the design of the future state of the company, it must also contain a set of tools, standards and a common vocabulary to be used by analysts. To ensure the quality of the Enterprise Architecture implementation, the use of frameworks is essential. The best known frameworks to implement it are “The Open Group Architecture Framework” (TOGAF) and Zachman. Figure 1 shows the TOGAF architecture development method known as ADM.
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